The most important part of our body is our eyes. Even though eyesight is vital in our day-to-day lives, there are many people who often neglect taking proper care of it. Due to this negligence, they face various eye-related problems such as lazy eyes, eyestrain, retinal disorders, vision changes, etc. Therefore, it is very important that everyone has regular eye check-ups done from an optician, regardless of whether you are suffering with eye problems or not.
Tips to Maintain your Eye’s Health
According to various studies, it is seen that millions of people often complain of problems like suffering from deteriorating eyesight, eyestrains and other discomforts. Yet, only around 22.4% of people have regular eye check-ups done.
Missing your eye tests simply means that eye conditions may be going unnoticed outside the optician’s examination room. However, you can easily avoid any type of eye problems by following various tips. With the assistance of these tips, you can alter your lifestyle to keep your eyes bright and healthy.
These are a few tips that you should follow:
- Keeping Screens at a Particular Distance:
Screens have gone far beyond desktops and laptops. These days, the use of tablets, smart phones, e-readers, MP3 players, etc. have increased a lot and they can really affect the eyes. Not only this, but the screens that people encounter at train stations, airports, movie theatres, etc. can also have a bad effect on eyesight.
The glare and the contrast of these screens eventually lead to problems like eyestrain. Also, in some cases, after long-term use of computers, some people suffer from computer vision syndrome. The common symptoms that are experienced in this problem are blurred vision, headaches, dry or red eyes, neck pain, difficulty in refocusing, etc.
Generally, middle-aged people are the ones who spend the majority of their time in front of such screens and they suffer the most in comparison to others.
Therefore, it is always recommended to keep eyes at least at an arm’s distance from the computer screen and at a distance of 16 inches from other hand-held devices. However, if it becomes difficult to read the text from such a distance then it is better to increase the size of the font.
At the same time, to reduce the eyestrain you should ensure that you are reading it under soft light which does not cause glare.
- Taking Blinking Breaks:
Every day at an average of 15 to 20 times per minute everyone blinks their eyes. However, the rate of blinking gradually goes on decreasing as we are constantly viewing a screen.
Blinking is considered to be very important, as the upper eyelid spreads tears in front of the eye or cornea. The functioning of the upper eyelid is similar to how a windshield wiper works. If the process of blinking is not done enough, it can dry out the eye which makes it feel irritated.
To avoid this problem, opticians usually recommend the 20/20/20 rule while staring the screen. The rule is very simple, it says that “Every 20 minutes, you should look 20 feet away from your screen for almost 20 seconds, so that eyes can blink naturally and it gets time to relax.”
When suffering from dry eyes, it is better to use a laptop rather than a computer desktop. This is because, when looking down at a laptop, eye surface is not much exposed reducing the tear evaporation and allowing your eye to stay moist for a longer period of time. Similarly, while using a desktop, raise the level of your chair or tilt the screen four inches below eye level.
- Eat Properly:
To keep your eyes healthy, eating healthy food is essential. For example, foods that are rich in vitamins such as carrots. Carrots are considered to be the go-to-vegetable to have healthy eyesight as they majorly contribute to improving the deterioration of vision.
However, lutein is the real star of nutrients. These are pigments that are commonly found in foods such as leafy green vegetables, peas, broccoli, etc.
Various researches have also proved that leafy green vegetables improve the eyesight by decreasing the stressful effects caused by glare and exposure to bright light, as they absorb some amount of light.
- Being Active:
Frequently exercising is very important in order to maintain a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI). This is because; it assists you in fighting against various cardiovascular diseases, as well as diabetes. At the same time, it is equally important to maintain the health of your eyes.
Various studies show that, there is always a link between desk-bound lifestyle and increased risk of Glaucoma.
Researchers have also revealed that people who exercise on a daily basis are 70% less likely to develop any kind of degenerative eye disease such as Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD).
- Stop Smoking:
Studies have shown that out of all smokers, only 15% of them are truly concerned about the impact that smoking has on their eye health and it can have some major implications.
It is also shown that there is a strong link between smoking and the development of cataracts. In fact, smokers are 4 times more likely to develop cataracts.
Furthermore, a smoker increases the risk of developing cataracts depending upon the number of cigarettes smoked. Heavy smokers tend to develop more severe cataracts in comparison to other smokers.
- Safeguarding yourself from Harmful Sunrays:
Exposing yourself to ultraviolet (UV) rays for a long period of time can cause serious damage to your eyes. In certain cases, these rays are responsible for causing retinal burning, as well as blindness.
UV rays are commonly known for increasing the risk of developing cataracts. Therefore, it is of vital importance that on bright days you should wear your sunglasses.
If ever you feel any kind of discomfort from these rays, then it may be a symptom that the eyes are being damaged.
The level of UV is the highest from 10a.m. to 2p.m; therefore, accordingly you need to plan your outing. While purchasing sunglasses it is always advised to look for those that come with the CE standard mark which are safe of UV rays.
This does not simply apply to warm weather; rather it can be equally harmful in cold weather along with heavy snowfall. This is because snow reflects around 80% of UV light, potentially causing snow blindness. Therefore, the sunglasses you purchase should be able to be used in hot as well as cold weather.
- Your Eyesight and Your Age:
It is quite natural that with age even our eyes begin to struggle. It becomes difficult for them to make out different words on the page of screen, book, or a newspaper. This is caused due to presbyopia, which is a common eye problem that is caused over 40 years of age. This problem simply requires non-prescription reading glasses so as to correct the vision.
Opticians always recommend people have an eye check-up done every two years after 40 years of age. This test is not just to check presbyopia but it also assists in excluding other severe eye conditions that are commonly faced by people due to aging.
For example, eye problems such as cataracts, AMD, glaucoma, etc. are some common eye conditions that require surgery to cure them.
These surgical processes are a routine that carry minimal risk and very common in people who are over 70 years of age.
- Getting Proper Sleep:
Sleep is an important aspect in our daily lives. It allows us to relax our body so that we can effortlessly take on the new day. However, at times, some people find it difficult to get proper sleep, and lack of sleep not just affects the body but also the eyes.
It is always recommended that your eyes should get at least 5 hours of sleep every night so as to replenish them.
Due to lack of sleep there are two main eye conditions that are caused; these are eye spasms which are also known as myokymia, and dry eyes.
Studies have proved that, common eye conditions such as cataracts and AMD can be reduced with the assistance of catechins which are usually present in green tea. Catechins are one of the hosts of antioxidants along with vitamin C and E, lutein, etc. These are absorbed on highest concentrations by the retina, which is a part of the eye that assists in detecting light.
- Consulting an Eye Specialist:
Even if do not need to wear corrective eyewear, opticians always recommend that everyone should get their eye test done by the age of 40. They also recommend constant follow-ups with their tests thereafter.
You should immediately have a check-up done if you are experiencing symptoms like redness, loss of vision, pain inside your eyes, etc.
These were a few important tips that would assist you in maintaining the health of your eye. As an optician and eye specialist, even you would recommend these tips to your patients suffering from various eye conditions.
Being an eye specialist, if you ever want to start up your own eye clinic, then there are various optical finance providers available, who will assist you in setting up your entire clinic.